Task – Release the KrakenIntroductionfloating
Biological oceanography is one of the most intriguing fields of oceanography. Many animals and plants in the ocean remain to be discovered. Marine biologists are just beginning to comprehend the ocean ecology, or relationships of the organisms with the ocean. Much marine biological research is focusing on how marine animals and plants interact with each other and the environment. The often involves a detailed knowledge of water chemistry and sometimes physical oceanography and marine geology as well as an understanding of basic biological processes.
The Captain’s OrdersRead the log book Taxonomy to learn about ocean productivity and marine life classification. You will need external resources to help you answer some of the questions below. Make sure you make a note where you got your information. Answer the questions and complete the following tasks using the log book and your internet ready computer.
ObjectivesInvestigate the relationship between productivity, net productivity and respiration.Classify marine organisms according to the modified Linnean system of classification.Task QuestionsTHE BEGINNINGHow old is the Earth?
When did the first organisms exist; how long ago?
How are prokaryotes important to humans? What role do they play?KINGDOMSWhat is the size of the smallest organism in the ocean? What is the name of that organism?
What is the size of the largest organisms in the ocean? What is the name of that organism?
PRODUCTIVITYWhat types of organisms account for 90% to 96% of the oceans primary productivity?
What are the limiting factors for marine productivity?
Where/when in the oceans is productivity high at the surface? Why?
Where/when in the ocean is productivity low at the surface? Why?
Quiz QuestionsTHE BEGINNINGThe first organisms to exist on planet Earth were:A. eukaryotes B. prokaryotesOrganisms with a nucleus:A. eukaryotes B. prokaryotesOrganisms with sexual reproduction:A. eukaryotes B. prokaryotesOrganisms with the highest oxygen needs:A. eukaryotes B. prokaryotesKINGDOMSWhich kingdom are prokaryotes?A. Animals B. Bacteria C. Fungi D. Plants E. ProtozoaWhich kingdom(s) are Eukaryotes?A. Animals B. Bacteria C. Fungi D. Plants E. ProtozoaWhich kingdom(s) are single-celled autotrophs?A. Animals B. Bacteria C. Fungi D. Plants E. ProtozoaWhich kingdom(s) are multi-celled autotrophs?A. Animals B. Bacteria C. Fungi D. Plants E. ProtozoaWhich kingdom(s) are multi-celled heterotrophs?A. Animals B. Bacteria C. Fungi D. Plants E. ProtozoaWhich kingdom contains both multi- and single-celled organisms?A. Animals B. Bacteria C. Fungi D. Plants E. ProtozoaOrganisms that live in or on the sea bottom are:A. benthos B. nekton C. planktonOrganisms that swim freely from one location to another are:A. benthos B. nekton C. planktonSalmon are:A. benthos B. nekton C. planktonOysters and mussels are:A. benthos B. nekton C. planktonSea cucumber are:A. benthos B. nekton C. planktonWhales are:A. benthos B. nekton C. planktonJellyfish are:A. benthos B. nekton C. planktonDiatoms, coccolithophores, radiolarian, foraminifera are:A. benthos B. nekton C. planktonPRODUCTIVITYWhich of the following choices is most evolved?A. Bacteria B. Brown algae C. Animals D. Red algae E. Protozoa F. PlantsWhich of the following choices best describes Kelp?A. Bacteria B. Brown algae C. Green algae D.Animals E. Protozoa F. PlantsWhich of the following choices best describes roots and covered seeds?A. Bacteria B.Animals C. Green algae D. Red algae E. Protozoa F. PlantsWhich of the following choices best describes single-celled organisms:A. Bacteria B. Brown algae C. Green algae D.Animals E. Protozoa F. PlantsThe amount of sugar or food produced by autotrophs living in an area minus the amount they use up daily to supply their own respiration needs:A. gross primary productivity B. net primary productivity C. super primary productivity D. secondary productivity
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