Survey Of Life Science BIO

Chapter 1: Learning about Life
Copyright 2019 Pearson Education, Inc. 1
Name ________________________ Period _________
Chapter 1: Learning about Life
Guided Reading Activities
Chapter Content: The Scientific Study of Life
Complete the following questions as you read the first chapter contentThe Scientific Study of Life:
1. is the study of life.
2. Jane Goodall is famous for her research on chimpanzees. Dr. Goodall observed the chimpan- zees for long periods of time and made numerous observations of them that she recorded very carefully. Which stage of scientific inquiry is this considered?
A) Exploration
B) Testing
C) Making a hypothesis
D) Drawing a conclusion
3. Use the following figure to answer this question. Assume your results reject your initial hypothesis as indicated. Briefly explain why you would not return to the exploration portion of the process to change the question instead of revising the hypothesis.
The remotes batteries are dead.
TESTING Forming hypotheses Making predictions Running experiments Gathering data Interpreting data Drawing conclusions
If I replace the batteries, the
remote will work.
I replace the batteries with
new ones.
Experiment does not support
hypothesis; revise hypothesis or
pose new one.
Experiment supports hypothesis;
make additional predictions
and test them.
SIMO0333_06_ARG_SE_C01_PRF.indd 1 5/14/18 7:23 PM
Chapter 1: Learning about Life
2 Copyright 2019 Pearson Education, Inc.
4. Match the following terms with the best definition: data, science, hypothesis, experiments, and peer review
Scientific tests where conditions can be controlled:
A tentative explanation for a set of observations:
A thorough review of scientific results prior to publication:
Inquiry into how the natural world functions:
Recorded observations:
5. The following figure indicates that the testing and communication components of science connect to each other. Briefly explain how these two components interact to strengthen each other. Hintthink back to peer review
6. An often misunderstood concept is the difference between a scientific theory and a hypothesis. Briefly explain what you would tell a student who believes a scientific theory and a hypothesis are the same.
EXPLORATION Making observations sking uestions eeking information
TESTING Forming hypotheses Making predictions Running experiments Gathering data Interpreting data Drawing conclusions
COMMUNICATION haring data btaining feedback ublishing papers Replicating findings uilding consensus
OUTCOMES uilding knowledge olving problems Developing new technologies enefiting society
SIMO0333_06_ARG_SE_C01_PRF.indd 2 5/14/18 7:23 PM
Chapter 1: Learning about Life
Copyright 2019 Pearson Education, Inc. 3
7. Use the following table to compare a control group to an experimental group.
Control group Experimental group Description
8. On page 8 of your textbook the authors describe an experiment in which the amount of butter is changed between two cookie recipes. Imagine a scenario in which a person also changes the type of flour used (whole wheat flour versus regular bleached flour). Is this still an effective controlled experiment? Briefly explain your answer either way.
9. Use the following figure to answer this question. By day 8 how far have the baby turtles traveled?
10. How many factors does a scientist want to differ between the experimental and control groups?
A) 2

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