Language comprehension Discussion Post

cognitive Psychology
Week 11
Smeyra Tosun
1
For today
Language
Language comprehension
Discussion
What is language?
A simple definition: A system of symbols and rules that enable us to communicate.
Symbols: stand for other things (i.e. words).
Rules: specify how words are ordered to form sentences.
Properties of language
Communicative
Arbitrarily symbolic
Regularly structured
Structured at multiple levels
Productive
Dynamic
Phonology
Orthography
Morphology
Syntax
Semantics
Pragmatics
What makes up language?
Phoneme: is the basic unit of spoken language
Example: the sounds /p/ /t/ and /a/ are all phonemes.
English has about 40 phonemes.
s and c can both produce /s/ sound
Phonology- Sound system of language; rules of how different phonemes can be arranged.
Phonology
/s/ and c are one phoneme.
6
The written form of the language
Language-dependent patterns
STUDIO
STDYO
Orthography
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Morpheme: is the basic unit of meaning
Example: reactivated
contains 4 morphemes re-, -act, -ive, -ate and ed
Morphology- is the study of morphemes
Lexicon: entire set of morphemes
An average English speaker has a lexicon of ~80,000 morphemes.
Morphology
Each of these segments has a specific meaning. For instance re- indicates a repeated action. And ed signifies past tense.
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Morphology
Syntax: Refers to the grammatical rules that govern how we organize words into sentences.
English: Dog chased cat (SVO)
Turkish: Dog cat chased (SOV)
Syntax
In English, we follow

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