Staphylococcusaureusspecies constitute the main groups of medically important gram-positive cocci. This species found on human, more specifically, found on the skin and mucous membranes (DeLeo and Chambers 2009). They can be very difficult to treat, especially when contracted in the hospital, because of the remarkable ability of staphylococci to become resistant to antibiotics (Mertz, Frei et al. 2007).Staphylococcus aureusis one of the most common pathogens, known for causing a variety of infections ranging from relatively benign skin infections to life-threatening systemic illnesses such as pneumonia, endocarditis, septic arthritis, osteomyelitis and subcutaneous or visceral abscesses (Mejia, Zurita et al. 2010)
Methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus(MRSA) is a topic of increasing concern in the realm of healthcare (Klevens RM 2006). MRSA was one of the first bacteria to develop resistance to drugs.S. aureusis actually present in abundance in the human body, but when introduced to an immune compromised patient, it can become very sever; according to the Center for Disease Control, MRSA accounted for 2% of Staphylococci infections in 1974; by 1995 that number had increased to 22%, and in 2004 it was a whopping 63% (Tayfour, Eris et al. 2005).
Onion is the generic name of theAlliumcepafamily. It was cultivated in 6000 years BC in the Nail Valley. It contains a lot of minerals and a small amount of vitamins. It is used as food as well as for medicinal purposes (Ige, Salawu et al. 2009).
As a medicine, it is better to use raw onions because by boiling it loses it efficacy. Onion can be used as a therapeutic for excess of uric acid, abscess, furuncle, burns, diabetes, diarrhea, edema, cough, bronchitis, hemorrhoids and steatites (Elisabetsky 1991).
Alliumfamily. The first cultivated vegetable all over the centuries is theAlliumfamily, which is an amazing group that has over 500 species different in the shape, color and taste, but they are close in their biochemical components The most commonAlliumfamily members are:Alliumcepa(i.e. Onion),Alliumstivum(i.e. Garlic),Alliumfistulosum,Allium ampeloprasum, andAllium schoenoprasm(Amagase, Petesch et al. 2001).
Alliumstivum(Garlic) is a perennial plant that can live in the four seasons of the year and does not require re-sowing or planting. The garlic has two main subtypes: hard-neck and soft-neck, according to their shape (Ro, Ryu et al. 2015).
Hard-neck Garlic includesAllium staviumophioscorodon andAllium Staviumvar. Pekinense. They are hard, woody central stalks that extend down to the basal plate of the bulbs bottom. They send up a flower stalk and umbel covered by pointed spathee (Benkeblia, Onodera et al. 2004).
Soft-neck Garlic orAlliumStavium var. Stavium is a kind of garlic is non- woody pseudo stem formed by overlapping leaf sheathes and rarely send up scape. In fact, garlic is an ancient medicine, Indian and Egyptians have used it centuries ago for treatment of infectious, digestive problems, expelling parasites and promoting health (Benkeblia, Onodera et al. 2004)
The pharmacological activity of this plant is due to the sulphur components that are accumulated in the bulb; the sulphur present in the garlic is three times bigger than in the onion 11-35 mg/dl of fresh weight. The enzyme that is released by garlic peeling or crushing has a major role in production of allicin, which is a garlic compound that inhibits some sulphydryl enzymes, so, it has an antimicrobial effect against many viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites (Nurcan Degirmencioglu and Irkin 2
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