Diagnostic Criteria of Alcohol Related Disorders

Diagnostic Criteria of Alcohol Related Disorders
Diagnostic Criteria of Alcohol-Related Disorders
Alcohol use disorder defined by DSM-5 criteria is a highly prevalent, highly comorbid, disabling disorder that often goes untreated in the United States (Grant et al., 2015). According to the American Psychiatric Association (2013), for DSM-5 classification of alcohol use disorder (AUD), a person needs to manifest at least two of the eleven diagnostic criteria. The criteria include the person taking in large quantities over a longer than intended period, having a persistent desire or unsuccessful attempts to cut down or control use, spending significant time obtaining alcohol, experiencing intense cravings or
Diagnostic Criteria of Alcohol Related Disorders
urges to consume alcohol or failure to fulfill significant obligations at work, school, or home due to recurrent use (APA, 2013). Individuals suffering from alcohol misuse may also experience continued use, despite having persistent social or interpersonal problems caused by the effects of alcohol (e.g., arguing with others overuse), having important social, occupational, or recreational activities given up or decreased due to alcohol use, recurrent use in situations which may be physically harmful (APA, 2013).
Psychotherapy and Psychopharmacological Treatment
Despite increased AUD prevalence during the past decade, researchers revealed that AUD mainly goes untreated. Rather than lack of insurance, fears of stigmatization, and beliefs that treatment is ineffective explain the lack of AUD treatment in the United States (Grant et al., 2015). Nonetheless, a large body of literature supports the effectiveness of the treatment of AUD. Individuals who participate in 12-step groups increase the likelihood of recovery, consistent with randomized clinical trials testing the efficacy of 12-step facilitation administered by health care practitioners (Grant et al., 2015). An individual motivation to quit will ascertain what approaches can enhance and support the person’s readiness to quit. Since many psychiatric clients are hesitant to stop drinking, treatment often involves augmenting a person’s motivation to quit while successful barriers. It can be achieved effectively using a cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) approach. CBT provides behavioral interventions and a beneficial structure to help individuals stop drinking. The group experience benefits were reported as peer support, change of thinking patterns, increased confidence, and self-efficacy. This study suggests that depression management, especially in a group format, should be offered more frequently as an integrated part of alcohol treatment due to the benefits experienced by the participants (Besenius et al., 2013).
Diagnostic Criteria of Alcohol Related Disorders
In 1948, disulfiram was the first medication approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat alcohol dependence (Zindel

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